Tuesday, January 25, 2011

Negara, not negeri, status for Sabah

Sabah was promised a 'national identity within the Malaysia Federation' but it never materialised when the state came under Umno hegemony.

Picture : Why the Borneos map are smaller than the peninsular ?

KUALA LUMPUR: Sabah was supposed to retain its “negara” or national status in a series of arrangements to ensure that the rights of Sabahans would forever be protected during the formation of Malaysia.

This little known fact was revealed at a national conference on marginalised communities, which arrested the attention of the participants.

They were told that the ideals that gave rise to the birth of a new nation in 1963 have, however, been eroded until those rights have all but disappeared.

“Sabah was given the understanding that it was to remain a national entity within the Malaysian Federation, which was to be a partnership of four national units – Sabah, Sarawak, Singapore and Malaya,” deputy president of CigMa or Common Interest Group Malaysia, Daniel John Jambun, said in his presentation titled “Lest We Forget”.

Elaborating further, he said: “We were to remain as a ‘negara’ (nation), not to become a ‘negeri’ (state).

“What eventually transpired was a process during which Sabah (like Sarawak) became one of the 13 states in Malaysia, no longer on the same status as Malaya, but just one of the states.”

Later, Jambun said that it was also the reason why Sabah’s head of state was officially called Yang di-Pertua Negara from 1963 till the early 1980s when the title was changed and reduced to Yang di-Pertua Negeri.

Jambun’s paper was based on a book of the same name authored by Dr Chong Eng Leong who agreed to have his book presented as a conference paper to the 220 delegates.

Chong’s book outlines the major losses Sabahans have suffered since independence due to various national policies following the formation of Malaysia.

Chong’s book focused on the “KL-encouraged” influx of Muslim illegal immigrants from Indonesia and Mindanao in the southern Philippines that served to dilute the once majority Christian native population in Sabah.

Unkept promise of autonomy

Jambun charged that the federal government was being disingenuous by claiming that the state had enjoyed tremendous development and numerous benefits since the formation of Malaysia.

“Under Umno, which took over the Sabah government from Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) in 1994, Sabah has ended up becoming the poorest state in Malaysia despite its vast natural wealth God has given us.

“Other than the economic losses, we also suffered loss of major rights and autonomy, as listed in the book, ‘Lest We Forget’,” Jambun said.

He said that a scrutiny of the 20-point agreement clearly showed that Tunku Abdul Rahman and other Malayan and Singapore leaders had promised autonomy or self-determination for Sabah, including retaining its own revenues.

It was a promise that has not been kept, he said.

“In fact, as a strategic move to ‘Malayanise’ Sabah, the population of the state was increased drastically through dubious means, mainly through the infamous ‘Projek IC’ or ‘Projek Mahathir’, which is to give Malaysian identity cards to Muslim illegal immigrants in Sabah to enable them to register as voters and thus change the political landscape.

“Through this project, the population of Sabah dramatically rose to 3.2 million, of which 1.5 million are bona fide Sabahans and 1.7 million foreigners.

“About 70,000 of these foreigners were registered as phantom voters and distributed throughout the constituencies in Sabah to give greater advantage to the ruling BN candidates to win elections.

“This strategy was then complemented by the infamous decision to implement what is called gerrymandering of constituency boundaries to give greater representation to Muslim-majority seats, thus outnumbering the non-Muslim natives,” he said, adding that the obvious manipulation has resulted in Sabah being dubbed BN’s “fixed deposit”.

Jambun also charged that the increase in Muslim-native seats and the reduction in Christian-native ones was made with the intention of forcefully and permanently changing the state’s demography.

This way, there would be more Muslims, thus depriving others of their rights, he said, adding that the issue of disenfranchisement would be brought to international attention.

Citing the revelation in Chong’s book, he disclosed that in the 1970 census, the mostly Christians and pagan Kadazandusuns numbered 215,811, Muslim Bajau and Iranun numbered 77,271 and Malays 18,362.

However, the 2000 census showed that the Kadazandusuns numbered 564,600, while the Bajau and Iranun 343,200, but the Malay suddenly stood at an astonishing 303,500.

He said that in the 1960 census, there was no Malay registered in Sabah, but just Bajau and Iranun.

‘Project Mahathir’ revealed

Jambun said that four people – Hassnar Ebrahim, Hassan Hamid, Yakup Damsah and Jabarkan Napi – cited in Chong’s book had been involved in recruiting new Malaysians by giving them identity cards.

He said that Hassnar, who is now Batu Sapi PKR head, had even revealed that there was a meeting in January 1986 chaired by the late Megat Junid Megat Ayob, then deputy home minister, detailing the mechanics of how foreigners were issued Malaysian identity documents.

Hassnar claimed that present at the meeting were former chief secretary to the government Ahmad Sarji Abdul Hamid, three top police officers from Bukit Aman, Sabah director of Immigration Dusmi Ibrahim, director-general of Immigration Halim Harun, a deputy director-general of the National Registration Department, a principal private secretary by the name of Azmin, Yahya Lampong and Hassnar himself.

“As Hassnar revealed, when one of them objected to this treacherous act, he was told by Megat Junid that prime minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad had approved it.

“This testimony was also given under oath during a trial to hear the 1999 Likas election petition filed by Chong, and that the testimony was not challenged,” Jambun said.

He added that Jabarkan, an ex-ISA detainee like Hassnar, also disclosed that there was a Sabah Umno special task force formed in 1991 to recruit foreigners who were then issued with Malaysian ICs and registered as Umno members and also included in the electoral rolls.

According to Jabarkan, office-bearers of the special task force for 1991-1993 were Musa Aman (currently Chief Minister) as director, Yahya Hussin as deputy director, Jabarkan himself as secretary and the late Malek Chua as treasurer. The team targeted 30 of the then 48 state

constituencies in an attempt to oust PBS from power.

Jambun said that he doubt the current Umno leadership would dare sue those who had revealed the clandestine activities in Projek Mahathir for it would open a can of worms.

The one-day National Human Rights Conference on the Future of Marginalised and Minority Communities in Malaysia was co-organised by CigMa, Sarawak Dayak National Union (SDNU), Sarawak Dayak Iban Association (SADIA), Hindu Rights Action force (Hindraf), Borneo Resources Institute (BRI) and London-based Human Rights Foundation.

Also present were Kita president Zaid Ibrahim, CigMa chief Jeffrey Kitingan, who is also leader of United Borneo Front (UBF) and Hindraf adviser, N Ganesan.



  1. aku masih ingat lagi sabah perintah negeri sendiri, Pairin berat ke sebelah dia, kawasan di luar KK sangat daif dan kurang lancar pembangunannya. Masa belajar pulak yayasan sabah di pegang oleh satu suku/bangsa sahaja, mmg payah kalau dari bangsa lain memohon untuk dapatkan biasiswa, kalau bangsa yang pegang tu, anak dato pun boleh dapat biasiswa, ni siapa yang sambung U tahun 80an-90an mesti pernah rasa. tapi kita x boleh buat apa apa. Politik Sabah telampau ikut suku, sudahlah banyak suku di sabah, jadi yg minoriti mmg gila gila dipinggirkan

    1. Butul iti bro..sepa2 jdi menteri sabah...sibuk mengasi kaya diri sendiri n keluarga kerabat dia jak..

  2. bahaya ni tau bagi nama betul....

    sy stuju dengan apa yg kamu tulis, tapi kalau kita tengok dari konteks besar sikit, kawasan atau dun pairin sendiri pun daif masa dia perintah. dari zaman PBS hinggalah zaman dia masuk BN, lambat betul kemajuan yang boleh dilihat baik dari bandar or luar bandar.

    tapi kalau saudara kata, politik sabah telampau ikut suku, saya kurang setuju lah.

    tp kalau dari segi pemberian biasiswa, itu saya no komen....sebab benda macam itu ikut "budi bicara" si pemberi biasiswa masa tu entah2 ada main belakang, itu inda tau.

    tapi yang penting, kita orang borneo especially sabahan, mesti sentiasa unite. kalau kita x unite, sebab itulah kita senang mau kena pijak. n mesti berani bersuara. support sesama sabahan x kira kaum. baru kita boleh ubah apa2 yang tidak betul.

    sekadar pandangan.....

    1. Ya butul di sukung..ini sibuk mengutuk kaum lain..tapi yang hal lg pening ndak pulak diorang sibuk n berani...terlampau berbangga dgn kaum..come on la..ne bukan zqman pakai sumpit lg zaman pakai cawat..be global..klu kau mau kaum kau ja yg duduk di sabah nah sampai bila2 pn ndak maju..itu kelebihannya bila populasi ramai..ekonomi pn blh maju,..so bersatulah..darat n laut

  3. misopuruu tokou toinsanan bo ini kalilah,kalau bukan kita siapa lagi tukar PBS jadi star.

  4. Sabah mahu kembalikan hak Sabah.. Kembalikan Yang di-Pertua Negara Sabah.Kalau ada mana-mana parti yang menuntut hak ini iaitu suara rakyat Sabah adalah mewakili 1/3 daripada suara rakyat Malaysia, parti ni lah yang saya sokong!

  5. Sabah Not Malaysia, 11-12-13 Sabah must Be out from Malaysia, Freedom for SABAH................

    1. Yess freedom but beware chinese will conquere u..jangan jak masuk mulut buaya keluar mulut singa..

  6. Sabah is an independent country, sovereign state. Malaysia? Only puppet formations England, now people are not stupid sabah, Sabah is not part of the English puppet formations. Sabah should go back to being a sovereign nation, a independent state. Sabah should get out of Malaysia, because it is not part of Malaysia Sabah, Sabah is the Sabah, independent State, ..................,
    I think so too Sarawak. Sarawak is also an independent state, do not be fooled again bule England, so do not be so stupid doll parts anyway,

  7. Baru sadar kalau Malaysia itu negara buatan Inggris???
    Dulu negeri kami berniat hendak memberikan pembebasan negeri kalian karena kami tidak melihat itikad baik dari Persekutuan Malaysia dan mau memberikan jalan kalian untuk setara dengan anak negeri kami di Kalimantan bagian selatan, tapi kalian tolak mentah-mentah dan mendukung kewujudan Malaysia... Sekarang baru tahu rasa kalian, sedangkan di negeri kami walaupun belum sekaya kalian, kami sudah berdaulat untuk memerintah wilayah kami sendiri... Kami sudah diperbolehkan menentukan nasib kami sendiri...
    Lihatlah saudara kami di seberang, di Provinsi Yogyakarta: saat kekuasaan pemerintah pusat menghendaki pengalihan kekuasaan dari Keraton ke pemilihan rakyat, rakyat yang tahu bahwa Keraton Yogyakarta berdaulat atas keseluruhan wilayah Provinsi Yogyakarta langsung melayangkan tuntutan untuk mengembalikan kedaulatan keraton atau lepas dari Indonesia, sehingga akhirnya pemerintah pusat menggugurkan kehendaknya dan mengembalikan kondisi seperti sediakala. See? Kami langsung tanggap secepat kami bisa, sedangkan kalian hanya bisa menunggu 49 tahun lamanya dan sampai sekarang tidak ada hasil sama sekali.

  8. Untuk sabahan,kita guna budi bicarapun tidak di ambil peduli .sekarang kita harus bersatu menentukan hak2 kita, inikalilh.

  9. bah ngam laitu...tukar....


Ulaslah...komenlah...kritiklah...reportlah apa saja...semua diterima... tapi kalau boleh gaman-gaman om sumandak-sumandak, komen yang bagus-bagus sikitlah kio...

selamat mengomen boss...